Geospatial technology involves GPS (global positioning systems), GIS (geographical information systems), and RS (remote sensing). This technology offers a radically different way in which we produce and use maps required to manage our communities and industries.
Types of geospatial technologies used in industry applications:
Remote Sensing: satellite imagery and geospatial data collected from satellite sensors or airborne cameras. Some commercial satellite image can produce details of 30 centimeters. Satellite imagery greatly enhances a GIS mapping project and serves as a source of information and data to support analysis and classification for geospatial assessment and modeling.
Geographic Information Systems (GIS): mapping tools for analysis of geospatial data which is georeferenced. GIS can be used to supports environmental management for natural hazards and disasters, global climate change, natural resources, wildlife, land cover and many other applications.
Global Positioning System (GPS): satellite-based navigation system made up of a network of 24 satellites placed into orbit to collect coordinates locations.
Today there are thousands of geospatial technology applications in use. Organizations, agencies and companies throughout the world are using the geospatial technology to transform manually produced maps and associated descriptive records into powerful digital databases. Once a tool that was affordable only to the largest organizations, geospatial systems have become a cost-effective option for even the smallest organizations.
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